KUMJ | VOL. 14 | NO. 2 | ISSUE 54 | APR-JUN. 2016
Prevalence of Sensory Neuropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Its Correlation with Duration of DiseaseAbstract:
Karki DB, Yadava SK, Pant S, Thusa N, Dangol E, Ghimire S
Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common and distressing late complication
of diabetes mellitus. Ignorance of the complications may develop foot ulcers and
gangrene requiring amputation.
The main objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of sensory neuropathy
in type 2 diabetes mellitus and to compare it with the duration of disease.
Two hundred seventy one patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus of both gender
age 30 years and above willing to participate were included in this study. Patients
having hypothyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, B12 deficiency, cerebrovascular
disease, chronic musculoskeletal disease, Parkinson’s disease, alcohol abuse, chronic
renal or liver failure and cancer were excluded from the study. Touch, pin prick and
vibration sensation were tested. Vibration perception threshold was recorded from
six different sites of the sole of each foot using Biothesiometer.
Two hundreds seventy one type 2 diabetic outpatients were studied. The mean age
was 59.81±22.85 years. The overall prevalence of diabetic sensory neuropathy in the
study population was 58.70%. A rising trend of diabetic sensory neuropathy with
increasing age and duration of diabetes was observed. Neuropathy was found more
in patients having urinary microalbuminuria. Burning and pins and needles sensation
were most common symptoms.
The overall prevalence of diabetic sensory neuropathy in the study population was
58.70% (mean age 59.81±22.85 yrs), and its prevalence increased with duration
of diabetes and increasing age. Its prevalence was found more in patients having
Biothesiometer, sensory neuropathy, type 2 diabetes mellitus.