KUMJ | VOL. 14 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 55 | JULY-SEPT. 2016

Analysis of Post Earthquake Disease Pattern in a Camp at Gyampesal Gorkha
Malla T, Malla KK, Singh SK, Shrestha S


Abstract:
Background A major earthquake occurred in Nepal on 25th April 2015 with magnitude of 7.8 causing mass panic amongst people. Objective To analyze scenario, experience and disease pattern of Post Earthquake camp at Gyampesal, Gorkha. Method A prospective observational study done on 13th and 14th June 2015 in a population who attended the health camp at health post, Gyampesal Gorkha. Analysis was done for age, sex, and disease pattern. Medicines for their health problems was provided by Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara, Nepal Pediatric Society and Children Welfare in Nepal, Kathmandu. Result Total 159 patients [80.5% children and 19.5% adults] had attended the health camp. The mean age of children was 6.184.27 SD with maximum between 2-5 years (39%) and mean age of adults was 37.8714.07 SD. Among the children males were more (50.8%) than females but in adult group females (83.9%) were more. Most common complaints were earthquake related fear (Children- 60.23% / adults -71%), insect bite [children -25.8% /adults -35.5%], pain abdomen (children- 64.1% / adult -38.7%) and decreased appetite (children- 83.6% / adults - 16.1%). Pain abdomen and decreased appetite was significantly high in children with p <0.009 and 0.001 respectively. The common disease patterns noted in children were recurrent abdominal pain (25%), acute gastroenteritis (19.5%), upper respiratory tract infections (15.6%), Impetigo (15.6%), Dental caries(10%), Pityriasis alba (10%). In adults Acid peptic disease (51.6%), Headache (32.5%), hypertension, Upper respiratory infections, scabies and Urinary tract infection (16%), Acute gastroenteritis (13%) was common. Conclusion Earthquake related fear, insect bite and Communicable diseases both airborne and water borne were the commonest findings observed. Therefore basic needs and services like safe water and sanitation, adequate shelter, primary healthcare services and vector-control campaigns are crucial and essential for these displaced populations.
Keyword : Children, disease pattern, earthquake