KUMJ | VOL. 14 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 55 | JULY-SEPT. 2016

Permanent Teeth Emergence Time and Sequence in Children of Kavre District, Nepal
Upadhyay S, Shrestha R, Shrestha D, Poudyal S


Abstract:
Background Population specific standards on the timing and sequence of emergence of permanent teeth are essential in planning dental care for children. There is only a single study on the emergence of permanent teeth in Nepalese children. Objective To determine the standards for permanent teeth emergence time and sequence in children of Kavre district, Nepal. Method A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in 623 children of age 5 to 14 years from six different schools of Kavre district. The number of permanent tooth erupted except third molar was recorded along with age and gender. Data were analysed using SPSS 20.0. Descriptive statistics was used to determine the number and percentage of permanent teeth emerged at different ages and the mean age of emergence of each tooth. Student t test was used to determine the inter jaw differences in the mean age of emergence of each tooth. Result The study population constituted 50.7% boys and 49.3% girls of the total sample. The first tooth to emerge was mandibular first molar, whereas maxillary second molar tended to be the last to emerge in both the genders. Though in general, mandibular teeth tended to precede the corresponding maxillary teeth in emergence but significantly only mandibular central, lateral and second premolar emerged earlier than maxillary.( p ≤ 0.05) Conclusion This study can be used as a reference data for clinical and academic purpose especially for the children of Kavre district, Nepal.
Keyword : Emergence sequence, emergence time, permanent teeth