KUMJ | VOL. 14 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 55 | JULY-SEPT. 2016

Socio Demographic Predictors in Delayed Presentation of Head and Neck Cancer
Pokharel M, Shrestha I, Dhakal A, Amatya RCM

Background Head and neck cancer is a major public health problem worldwide. In spite of the increase in incidence, there has been paucity of research on socio demographic factors influencing head and neck cancer. Objective To study the influence of various socio demographic factors on late presentation of head and neck cancer. Method Prospective, analytical study conducted in 69 patients with Head and neck malignancies in Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck surgery, Kathmandu University School of Medical sciences between January 2015 to January 2016. Collected data were entered and analyzed using IBM SPSS statistical software 21.0. All the socio demographic variables were compared between the early and late presentation groups of patient using Chi-square test. A ‘p’ value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Result Forty eight were male and 21 were female. The age of patients ranged from 34 to 70 years (mean age 52.03). Twenty patients were diagnosed in stage I, 13 in stage II, 20 in stage III and 16 in stage IV. Significant association was seen between stage of head and neck cancer and duration of illness (p=0.007), educational status of patient (p=0.003) and educational status of patient’s care taker (p=0.005). However, no statistical association was seen between stage at diagnosis of head and neck cancer and gender, type of family, previous consultation, systems of alternative medicine adopted before diagnosis, smoking habit, alcohol intake, tobacco chewing habit and occupation. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that educational status may influence the presentation of head and neck cancer.
Keyword : Head and neck cancer, stage at diagnosis