KUMJ | VOL. 14 | NO. 4 | ISSUE 56 | OCT.-DEC. 2016

Dysmenorrhea and Stress among the Nepalese Medical Students
Katwal PC, Karki NR, Sharma P, Tamrakar SR

Background Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecological disorder in women of reproductive age with implications as reduced quality of life and school absenteeism. Mental stress is possibly the most important known predisposing factor for primary dysmenorrhea. Objective This study aims to assess the relationship between stress and dysmenorrhea amongst the Nepalese medical students. Method This is cross-sectional descriptive study, conducted from 1st Dec. 2012 to 31st Jan. 2013. The study was conducted in Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences. A total of 184 participants consented for this study and each one was given a questionnaire to complete. This study included only unmarried nulliparous, healthy (all through first to final years) female medical students, in age group of 16 to 24 years. Result The mean age of the participants was 19.43(3.9) years. Among them, 67% of the participants experienced dysmenorrhea. Of them, 85% experienced increase in frequency and severity of dysmenorrhea after joining medical college. Similarly, 65% of participants considered medical education to be stressful. Of participants experiencing dysmenorrhea, 29.45% missed classes and 17.39% participants had positive family history of dysmenorrhea in first and second degree relatives. Conclusion The present study indicated a positive relationship between psychological stress and dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is the leading cause of recurrent short-term school absence in young ladies; this issue certainly needs to be addressed.
Keyword : Absenteeism, dysmenorrhea, medical students, stress