KUMJ | VOL. 2 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 7 | JULY-SEPTEMBER, 2004

One year audit of perinatal mortality at Kathmandu Medical College Hospital
S.R. Manandhar, D.S. Manandhar, M.R. Baral, S. Pandey, S. Padhey

Introduction: Perinatal mortality is a sensitive indicator of the quality of service provided to pregnant women and their new borns. Regular audit of perinatal mortality will help in finding out preventive factors and thus helps in reducing perinatal mortality rate in an institution.
Objective: This study was carried out to determine perinatal mortality rate (PMR) and the factors associated with it at KMCTH in the one year period (Bhadra 2059 – Shrawan 2060)
Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of entire still births and early neonatal deaths that occurred at KMCTH during the one year period (Bhadra 2059 –Shrawan 2060). The study was done by collecting the data of all stillbirths and early neonatal deaths from record books of the Special Care Baby Unit, Labour Room and operation theatre.
Results: Out of 563 total births in the one year study period, 17 were still births (SB) and 10 were early neonatal death (ENND). Out of 17 SB, 7 were of < 1 kg and out of 10 ENND, 3 were of < 1 kg. Thus, perinatal mortality rate during the study period was 30.7 and extended perinatal mortality rate was 47.9 per 1000 births. Perinatal deaths were mostly due to extreme prematurity, birth asphyxia, septicemia and congenital anomalies. According to Wiggleworth’s classification, 18.5% of perinatal deaths were in Group I, 14.8 % in Group II, 22.3 % in Group III, 40.7 % in Group IV and 3.7 % in Group V. Intrapartum asphyxia was the commonest cause of perinatal deaths, but majority of these babies were of low birth weight. Prevention of preterm births, better care during intrapartum period, more intensive care of very low birth weight and preterm babies would help in reducing the present high perinatal mortality

Keyword : Perinatal Death Audit, Perinatal Mortality