KUMJ | VOL. 5 | NO. 4 | ISSUE 20 | OCT-DEC, 2007

Human neurocysticercosis managed at Nepalganj Medical College, Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, Nepal
Piryani RM, Kohli SC, Shrestha G, Shukla A , Malla TB

Introduction: Neurocysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system. It is
endemic in Central Europe, South Africa, South America and parts of Asia including Nepal.
Objective: This study has been conducted with the objectives to know the diagnostic criteria for neurocysticercosis and the outcome of treated cases.
Methodology: This retrospective study was done at Nepalganj Medical College, Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, by reviewing the record of the patients managed as case of neurocysticercosis in one financial year.
Results: All patients presented with seizure as a main symptom started in adult life. The mean age was 21 years; 80% were male and 20% female. The diagnosis seemed to be based on clinical presentation, CT scan findings and high index of suspicion. All were put on albendazole, steroids and anticonvulsant drugs; 93% was discharged when fits got controlled, one patient left against medical advice. Follow up record was not available to comment on resolution.
Conclusion: Neurocysticercosis is difficult to diagnose and has a significant socioeconomic impact because of chronic morbidity, variable mortality, decreased productivity of affected persons, and high cost of medical diagnosis and treatment. It is therefore suggested to develop criteria for diagnosis of neurocysticercosis to be followed at national level.

Keyword : Neurocysticercosis, Seizure, Nepalganj Medical College, Nepal