KUMJ | VOL. 13 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 51 | JULY-SEPT. 2015

Knowledge and Practice of Health Care Workers regarding Needle Stick Injuries in a Tertiary Care Center of Nepal
Singh B, Paudel B, KC S


Abstract:
Background Needle stick injuries are common health hazards among health care workers. Considering the increasing prevalence of body fluid borne infectious diseases; knowledge regarding the common errors and universal precautions are vital for the prevention of such accidents. Objective This study aimed to assess for knowledge and practice approaches among health care workers regarding needle stick injuries. Method This is a cross sectional survey was conducted using an anonymous, self-reporting 25-item structured questionnaire at a tertiary care center of central Nepal. A total of 165 health care personnel of working experience of more than 6 months were included in the study. Questionnaire included aspects of prevalence and knowledge on needle stick injury, hepatitis B immunization status and post exposure prophylaxis for HIV. Result Prevalence of needle stick injury was found to be 703 per 1000 health care worker (70.3%) during their working tenure and majority of the injury happened among nurses (p<0.05) besides other professions. Seventy nine (47.9%) participants experienced the injury more than one time in their career and the mean number of injury was 2.061.16. The practice of needle recapping is still prevalent and 80% participants often use single handed technique. Vaccination against hepatitis B virus was not completed by 31% health workers. Inadequate knowledge about post exposure prophylaxis for HIV was reported by 46% participants. Conclusion High prevalence of needle stick injury with a high rate of ignorance was noted. These issues need to be addressed, through appropriate education and interventional strategies.
Keyword : Needle stick injury, post exposure prophylaxis.