KUMJ | VOL. 14 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 55 | JULY-SEPT. 2016

Therapeutic Neck Dissection in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Is Selective Neck Dissection the Way Ahead?
Manikantan K, Bang B, Sharan R, Mallick I, Chatterjee S, Arun P

Background Selective neck dissection in multimodality treatment protocols is slowly being accepted for the management of N+ neck in many centers. This is because the functional disability is lower than modified radical neck dissection. Objective This study compares the regional recurrence rates between patients who underwent selective neck dissection and patients underwent comprehensive neck dissection for node positive oral squamous cell carcinoma. Method A retrospective study comparing patients with node positive oral squamous cell carcinoma who underwent either selective neck dissection or comprehensive neck dissection between August 2011 and January 2014 was done, with a mean follow up period of 12 months. Regional failures were assessed to whether they were isolated neck failures or associated with a local or distant failure. Result A total of 131 neck dissections were performed which included 93 selective neck dissections and 38 comprehensive neck dissections. A total of 17 patients developed regional recurrence, of which 11 patients had ipsilateral neck recurrence. Of the 11 patients with ipsilateral neck recurrence one patient also had contralateral neck nodes and in two patients there was associated distant metastasis. Conclusion Selective neck dissection for management of node positive neck disease is based on sound scientific principles and a randomised controlled trial comparing it with modified radical neck dissection would probably give the answer regarding the optimal procedure for these patients.
Keyword : Lymph node dissection, oral cancer, radical neck dissection, squamous cell carcinoma