KUMJ | VOL. 14 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 55 | JULY-SEPT. 2016

Imaging in Infertile Female Patients Who Underwent Hysterosalpingography Investigation at Dhulikhel Hospital
Karki S, Suwal S, Tamrakar SR, Poudel R

Background Fallopian tube and uterine abnormalities are the most common cause of female infertility, accounting for 30% of cases. Hysterosalpingography is the safe, minimal invasive radiographic technique for evaluation of uterine cavity and fallopian tubes defects. The purpose of the study was to assess the various uterine and tubal abnormalities leading to infertility Objective To assess the abnormalities in uterus and fallopian tubes detected on Hysterosalpingography (as causative factors of infertility in a tertiary care centre for proper decision making in treatment. Method This is the prospective cross sectional study done in department of radiology Dhulikhel hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital between January 2015 to January 2016 with complain of infertility. Hysterosalpingography was performed using ionic contrast medium (10-20 ml of 76% urograffin) under digital fluoroscopy. Radiographic films were obtained and analyzed. Demographic data and radiological findings were reviewed and the obtained data analyzed with SPSS version 16. Result Out of the total 100 patient, 75 had primary infertility while 25 had secondary infertility. The age ranged from 19 to 43 years with mean age of 27.75 years. Normal Hysterosalpingography findings were seen in 37% cases. Tubal abnormalities were seen in 34%, uterine abnormalities in 23% and both tubal and uterine abnormalities in 6% patients. The most common tubal abnormality detected on Hysterosalpingography was tubal block 75%. Out of the 30 patients who had tubal block, unilateral block was noted in 76.7% patients whereas bilateral block was noted in 23.3%. Hydrosalphinx was seen in 25% cases with tubal abnormality. Among the 29 cases with various uterine abnormalities, bicornuate uterus 9% was the most common abnormality Conclusion Hysterosalpingography is an easily available radiographic procedure that can demonstrate a wide variety of uterine and tubal abnormalities for the initial assessment of infertility which can avoid unnecessary and sometimes more aggressive procedures.
Keyword : Hysterosalpingography, hydrosaphyinx, infertility, tubal block