KUMJ | VOL. 15 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 59 | JULY-SEPT. 2017

Prevalence of Diastolic Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Yadava SK, Dolma N, Lamichhane G, Poudel N, Barakoti M, Karki DB

Background Diastolic dysfunction is an inability of the ventricle to fill to a normal end-diastolic volume, both during exercise as well as at rest. Diabetes mellitus increases the risk of heart failure even in the absence of other co-morbidities. Objective To find the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and its association with age, gender, duration, glycosylated hemoglobin levels, dyslipidemia, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption. Method Ninety patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus of both genders, aged 30 to 60 years, were included in this study. Doppler echocardiography was performed to evaluate diastolic dysfunction. Result The mean age of the study population was 46.21 9.20 yrs. The overall prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in the study population was 47.8%. The prevalence of diastolic dysfunction increases with age: 23.1% in patients of age 30 39 yrs to 65.8% in patients of age 50 60 yrs (adjusted OR 0.16, 95% CI 0.04 - 0.64, P = 0.010) and with the duration of diabetes: 32.8% in patients with diabetes for <5 yrs to 75% in patients with diabetes for >10 yrs (adjusted OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.08 - 1.00, P = 0.05). There was no significant association between diastolic dysfunction and dyslipidaemia, BMI, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, HbA1c and gender. Conclusion Prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus was 47.8% in our study. A rising trend of prevalence of diastolic dysfunction with the duration of diabetes and increasing age of patients was observed.
Keyword : Diastolic dysfunction, Prevalence, Type 2 diabetes mellitus