KUMJ | VOL. 15 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 59 | JULY-SEPT. 2017

Evaluation of Anterolateral Plating of Distal Third Tibial Fractures
Pandey BK, Rijal KP, Prasai T, Pradhan RL, Lakhey S, Manandhar RR, Sharma S

Background Distal one-third tibial fractures with or without articular involvement can be difficult to manage. Variety of treatment methods have been suggested for these injuries, including conservative treatment, external fixation with or without limited internal fixation, intramedullary nailing, plate fixation (medial or anterolateral) and more recently minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). All of these techniques have advantages and disadvantages. None of these techniques can be considered the “gold standard” for these injuries. Objective The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the results of anterolateral plating of these fractures. Method Forty-five fractures of distal third of tibia were treated with open reduction and internal fixation with anterolateral tibial plate from December 2011 to December 2016. All the patients were followed up at least for nine months for the study. Radiological union was finally assessed in nine months. Result All the fractures united within nine months of plating without angulation in sagittal or coronal plane. One patient (2%) had limb length shortening of more than one cm. Full range of motion of ankle and knee joint was achieved compared to the normal side by nine months follow up. 17 (38%) patients developed marginal skin necrosis. Three (7%) patients developed superficial wound infection. These complications were seen more in patients in whom posterior below knee slab was used for pre-operative splintage (as compared to calcaneal traction). Conclusion Hence distal one-third tibial fractures with or without articular involvement can be treated with anterolateral tibial plate.
Keyword : Anterolateral, Distal, Fracture, Plating, Tibia