KUMJ | VOL. 21 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 83 | JULY-SEPTEMBER. 2023

Sensitivity and Specificity of Nepali Version of Quantitative Androgen Deficiency in Aging Males (qADAM) Questionnaire in Diabetic Patients
Bhatt RD, Risal P, Maharjan A, Timalsina D, Qiqiang HE


Abstract:
Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disorder with hyperglycemia that affects multiple systems with hypogonadism and erectile dysfunction some common issues affecting their quality sexual life. Quantitative androgen deficiency in aging males (qADAM) questionnaire is a trusted tool to assess hypogonadism and erectile dysfunction among diabetic patients and has been commonly used in Nepal too. However, the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of its Nepali version are yet to be tested. Objective To assess the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the Nepali version of the quantitative androgen deficiency in aging males questionnaire among diabetic patients. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted among diabetic patients attending Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital. The Patients were asked to complete the valid Nepali translated version of quantitative Androgen Deficiency in Aging Males questionnaire. Participantsí serum total and free testosterone, lipid profile, fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG) were measured in clinical biochemistry laboratory and the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of Nepali version of quantitative androgen deficiency in aging males were analyzed. Result The translated Nepali version of quantitative androgen deficiency in aging males questionnaire showed 61.9% sensitivity, 45.5% specificity, and 56.7% accuracy in diagnosing hypogonadism in reference to serum testosterone level. Conclusion This Nepali translated version of quantitative androgen deficiency in aging males questionnaire can be a noninvasive tool to assess hypogonadism and erectile dysfunction.
Keyword : Diabetes, Hypogonadism, Nepali Translation, Quantitative androgen deficiency in aging males