KUMJ | VOL. 21 | NO. 3 | ISSUE 83 | JULY-SEPTEMBER. 2023

Outcome Analysis of Termination of Pregnancy in Second Trimester
Rijal H, Koirala P


Abstract:
Background Second-trimester abortions, constitute 10-15% of global annual abortions, leading to two-thirds of major abortion-related complications. Recognizing the elevated risk, the WHO recommends diverse methods for safe termination. Surgical and medical approaches, particularly using drugs like Mifepristone and Misoprostol, show promising success rates. Objective To analyze the outcomes of second-trimester termination using Mifepristone or PG analogues alone or in combination. Method This is a one-year retrospective study at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital analyzing second-trimester terminations, collecting data on demographics, medical history, period of gestation, doses of abotificient drugs, complications, and management. Result In a study of 66 second-trimester abortions, mean age was 28.8Ī4.96 years, gestational age 20.07Ī4.3 weeks. Mifepristone and Misoprostol combination succeeded in 66.7% of cases, while 42.2% required repeated Mifepristone doses. Misoprostol use was significantly higher in patients without medical comorbidities (p=0.018), but Mifepristone requirement didnít differ significantly based on medical conditions. Combined Mifepristone and Misoprostol were used more for fetal indications. Notably, the use of Mifepristone and Misoprostol didnít significantly differ for live and intrauterine fetal death cases. Conclusion Mifepristone and Misoprostol effectively terminate second-trimester pregnancies. In high-risk cases, cautious Prostaglandin use is crucial and Mifepristone alone, in divided doses, reduces complications with high success.
Keyword : Abortion, Mifepristone, Misoprostrol, Second trimester, Termination