KUMJ | VOL. 9 | NO. 2 | ISSUE 34 | APRIL-JUNE, 2011

Antenatal Care Practices in Tamang Community of Hilly Area in Central Nepal
Sanjel S, Ghimire RH, Pun K


Abstract:
Background:Antenatal care is provided during pregnancy to save lives of mother and foetus.
World Health Organization recommends four focused visits as sufficient for normal pregnancy.
Objective: The objective of the study was to find out antenatal care practices in Tamang
community of hilly areas of central Nepal.
Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Tamang community of Lalitpur district. Systematic random sampling method was used to collect data from April to May 2011. Data of 194 women having ≥3 years of children was collected and analyzed in descriptive and inferential ways.
Results: Antenatal visits were made by 78.9% (153) of women but only 46.4% (71) completed four antenatal visits. Mean visit was of 3.5 1.13 times. Ninety four (61.4%) of first antenatal visits attainders completed the fourth visit. Age of women and antenatal visits, taking tetanus toxoid injection and knowledge on work of iron tablets exhibited significant association at 95% level of confidence (p <0.05). There was also significant association between numbers of childbirth and antenatal visits at 95% level of confidence (p <0.05).
Conclusions: There was a high rate of early marriage and early pregnancy in the Tamang communities. Women did not place high importance on antenatal visits. A large percentage did not complete all four recommended antenatal visits. Use of necessary medicine like iron, albendazole tablets and tetanus toxoid injection was often incomplete.

Keyword : antenatal visits, central Nepal, hilly areas, Tamang